Polyethylene and polypropylene are two of the top polymer resins used in the world today. These resins can be tailored to achieve wide range of mechanical and chemical properties, making it possible to use them in a myriad of applications such as agricultural films, garments, tapes, stretch films, retail bags, bottles, containers, pipes, etc.
The selection of a polyolefin for a particular application depends on the resin’s type and grade, which are determined by the manufacturing technology or process, the catalyst, and the raw feedstock used in production. In turn, the polyolefin grade is determined by key properties such as molecular weight, molecular weight distribution (MWD), crystallinity, branching and density that affect how and where each resin is used.
Two distinctive process sections can be identified in polyolefin production, a Wet-end and a Dry-end process.